Michigan: Sales Tax Handbook
What constitutes sales tax nexus in Michigan?
One of the more complicated aspects of Michigan sales tax law is sales tax nexus, the determination of whether a particular sale took place within the taxation jurisdiction of Michigan, and is thus subject to state (and possibly local) sales taxes.
If a vendor's transactions are determined to have nexus in Michigan, the vendor must register for a Michigan sales tax license and collect appropriate sales taxes from the buyer for all transactions with nexus in the state. On this page, we have compiled some of the most commonly needed facts about what constitutes sales tax nexus in Michigan.
Sales Tax Nexus in Michigan
According to Michigan law, retailers who have tax nexus can be defined as those who "sell tangible personal property to a consumer". Those who meet this definition are legally required to acquire a sales tax licence.
For additional details on sales tax nexus law in Michigan, see the nexus information page from the Department of Treasury at http://www.michigan.gov/taxes/0,1607,7-238-43529-155505--,00.html
Taxation of Internet-Based Sales in Michigan
NOTE: 2018 Supreme Court Ruling Regarding Online Sales Taxes
In the 2018 Supreme Court case South Dakota vs. Wayfair Inc, Et Al., the court overturned a previous ruling that required a merchant to have physical nexus in order for a state to collect sales tax. This means that any state is now free to enforce collection of sales taxes on out-of-state online merchants. The information provided here may be subject to change, and many states are expected to begin collecting online sales taxes following this ruling.
Generally, Michigan does not charge sales tax on Internet-based transactions determined to have nexus within the state. This means that purchases from Amazon.com and other Internet-based retailers may be sales-tax-free.
The nexus status and taxability of Internet-based sales, by vendors and/or consumers within Michigan, have been the subject of hot debate in recent years. You can learn more on our introduction to Internet-based sales taxes.
Does my business have tax nexus in Michigan?
The folks at the sales tax compliance company Avalara are an approved Michigan sales tax partner, and you can use their free Michigan nexus wizard tool to determine whether or not your business has nexus, and is therefore required to pay Michigan sales taxes. If you're interested in automating your sales tax collection and filing process, click here to get more information.
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