Maryland: Sales Tax Handbook
What is included in Maryland's sales tax basis?
Many times, an otherwise-taxable transaction will include bundled fees like excise taxes, installation fees, or finance charges or be modified with coupons, installment payment plans, etc. One question that will often arise is whether or not a certain payment or fee is included in a transaction's taxable basis.
The taxable basis refers to the portion of an entire transaction that is subject to Maryland's sales tax. This page answers common questions about which common fees are included in the sales tax basis in Maryland, and which are excluded.
- Are coupons and discounts included in the sales tax basis?
- Are excise taxes included in the included in the sales tax basis?
- How are installment-based sales taxed?
- Are installation fees included in the sales tax basis?
- Are finance charges included in the sales tax basis?
- Can I get a refund on sales taxes paid on returned or repossessed items?
- Can I get a refund on sales taxes paid on bad debts?
Inclusion in Sales Tax Basis
Are coupons and cash discounts included in the Maryland sales tax basis?
What is included is cash discounts which were mase at the time of the sale, manufacturers coupons, rebates to the buyer coming from a third party, early payment discounts, and coupons that allow the vebdor to be reimbursed in any form by a third party. What is not includes are retailers coupons, cash discounts made at the time of the sale, and retailers coupons.Top
Are excise taxes included in the Maryland sales tax basis?
Excise taxes are separate levies added by many states to the price of commodity items such as alcohol, gasoline, etc. What is not included are consumer excise taxes imposed directly on buyer, certain county utility taxes, admissions taxes, electricity surcharges, and certain taxes imposed on leased property.Top
How are installment-based sales taxed?
Many businesses offer customers payment plans that allow them to pay the full price for a product over time in installments, often leading to confusion about when and how much sales tax is collected and remitted to Maryland. The state has implemented the following provisions regarding installment sales:
Total sales price reported at time of sale
Are installation charges included in the Maryland sales tax basis?
While the taxation of tangible goods is relatively straightforward, some states consider the installation costs associated with a tangible object (like carpeting, a home or vehicle fixture, etc) to be taxable. Maryland policy states:
Installation charges are generally included in the taxable price of a tangible product.
Note: Must be separately stated
Are finance charges included in the Maryland sales tax basis?
Many businesses offer customers financing on higher-value products, and include financing charges in the overall cost of the item. These finance charges may also be subject to sales taxes. Maryland policy states:
Finance charges are generally included in the taxable price of a tangible product.
Note: Must be separately stated
How can I get reimbursed for sales taxes paid on items that are returned or repossessed?
If a taxable good for which sales tax has been collected is returned or reposessed by the merchant, the state may allow the amount of sales tax collected to be either deducted from the merchant's current sales tax balance or refunded to the merchant by the state. Maryland's policies state that returns and repossessions are:
Note: A credit is allowed for repossessed property. The amount is the difference between the tax on the unpaid balance and the tax on the value of the item at the time of repossession
How can I get reimbursed for sales taxes paid on bad debts?
If a merchant offers goods to a consumer on credit and the payment for those goods becomes delinquent, the merchant may be eligible to be reimbursed any sales tax they paid to the state on the consumer's behalf when the transaction was made. The method of reimbursement varies state by state.
Tax paid on bad debts can generally be recovered by the merchant as a refund or credit.
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